CSUN deaf alumnus challenges military policy

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Keith Nolan meets with Capt. Sid Mendoza (center) from CSUN ROTC. Nolan has been able to communicate through interpreter Rita Alexander (far left) during his participation in ROTC. Photo Credit: Courtesy of Keith Nolan

His whole life, all Keith Nolan wanted to do was serve in the military.

As a boy, he read military history, visited battle sites and relived in stories from his grandfather and great-uncle, both of whom served in World War II.

At 18, he entered his local Navy recruiter’s office and attempted to enlist, but was instead handed a slip of paper that simply read, “bad ear. Disqual,” Nolan said in an e-mail interview.

Despite being born completely deaf, Nolan continued to try to enroll in the military, only to be met with repeated nos.  Finally letting go, he went on to earn a master’s degree in deaf education from CSUN in 2010, and began teaching at Taft High School in Woodland Hills, Calif.

One day, after a class on the Mexican-American War, a student approached Nolan and asked if he could join the military.

“I said, ‘No, you can’t, because you’re deaf,’” recalled Nolan. “And then it really hit me. I realized that I had been told no all my life, and now I was telling my own student that he couldn’t because he was deaf — and that wasn’t right.”

Feeling a regained sense of purpose, Nolan went home and sent a request to his alma mater requesting to join their Army Reserve Officers’ Training Corps.

“I asked the question that everyone always asks him — ‘If everyone is always telling you no, why do you keep trying?’” said CSUN ROTC Capt. Sid Mendoza. “And he said, ‘Well, hopefully, someone will say yes.’”

And this time, someone did.

Although ROTC had never before had a deaf cadet, and the U.S. Military has strict medical guidelines prohibiting them from serving, CSUN ROTC leadership decided to give him a shot.

“Ultimately, what made me decide to allow him to participate was his incredible attitude and motivation,” said Lt. Col. Shawn Phelps, commander of the CSUN ROTC program.

Nolan was first admitted into the program as a “participating” student, meaning he could sit in on the classes, but would not be issued uniforms or be allowed to participate in activities, such as morning workouts or field training. But Nolan continued to push for more involvement, eventually convincing ROTC staff to classify him as an “enrolled” cadet.

With his new status, Nolan was given a full military issue and began participating in all activities, from drill and ceremony to water survival and land navigation.

“I loved it. This is just what I’ve always wanted to do,” Nolan said. “(I loved) the discipline, the workouts, the physical fitness, what we learn in class, the theories, the strategies, military history, everything.”

With support from his family, Nolan quit his teaching job in order to keep up with the strenuous ROTC schedule. All his energy was focused on being a solider.

“You can see when someone just has that burning desire, that ‘This is what I want, and I want it more than everyone else,’ and that’s very clear with him. When he’s here, he’s 110-percent here,” Mendoza said.

“His enthusiasm is contagious, as is his love for the Army and those in the Army,” added Phelps.  “Both the cadets and cadre are amazed by him day in and day out, and we will certainly always consider him part of our organization.”

Unfortunately, the arrangement didn’t last.

After a year of doing everything he had dreamed, the Army discovered Nolan was participating as an “enrolled” cadet, a status reserved for students who are contracted to join the Army after graduation, despite being unable to pass the medical requirements.

Army officials ordered the CSUN ROTC to strip him of his uniform and return him to “participating” status, where he could no longer go to the field or march alongside his comrades.

“It was a huge blow,” Nolan said.

But Nolan isn’t letting the setback keep him from realizing his dream – to one day serve actively in the U.S. Military.

He researched the history of deaf soldiers, began sharing his story, and even traveled to Israel, where deaf citizens are allowed to join the armed forces. There he met with some of those officers to document how they make it work.

Nolan began a one-man campaign on Facebook, which has already garnered thousands of supporters to allow deaf Americans to serve their country.

Nolan says he has “no doubt” that deaf Americans will serve their country one day, and while he hopes he can be one of them, he is also looking to the future.

While still enrolled as a cadet, Nolan returned to Taft High School to talk to his former students about his experience.

“I think they realized that it’s a possibility,” he said. “ Maybe they can try and follow my footsteps and try and break down that door. I’d like to think that maybe I’ve sort of bent the door, so to speak, so that other deaf students can just break it open.”

To learn more about Nolan’s experience with CSUN ROTC and learn how you can help, visit http://www.facebook.com/cadetnolan


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  • anon

    I don’t see why he can’t serve in a non-combat capacity. Deaf people manage a variety of jobs, some with minimal intervention, if any.

    • Achilles

      Because people will have to adjust to him and make exceptions for him. Like I said in my post above, if you go in the Army as a special case, life is going to be hard. People will resent him for being treated differently. There are plenty of good officer candidates around without handicaps, why should the Army make an exception for this guy because he thinks he is special?

      • Bakke04

        Deaf people don’t “think” they are special and don’t want special treatment. This guy just wants to fulfill his dream of joining the military and being a representative for his people. That’s what normal people want. You act like people everywhere make accommodations for the deaf anyways! There is nothing wrong with a deaf person serving his country, you should be proud that even though he has a disability he still wants to be of service.

        • David the small-L libertarian

          The armed forces do not exist to fulfill the dreams of individuals; they exist to protect the United States.

        • Guest

          He should consider CSMR instead if he can clear waivers. He can serve, wear the uniform and won’t have to deal with TRADOC regs.

        • Guest2

          IMHO, a person joins the armed forces with no guarantee that 1) he will land a nondeployable role, 2) he will not experience a firefight, even in a non-combat role, or 3) he will be able to effectively communicate with other unit members who are not accustomed to communicating with the deaf.  The last thing that you want affecting morale/cohesion/(fill in the term) is a pervasive feeling – even if unfounded – that despite your duty to protect each other you stand a chance of getting killed because of someone like him.  Of course, that is the same feeling with DADT but that’s a totally different topic and one that would be inappropriate to introduce here.

          There are four pathways to a commission, since it appears he’s looking for one based on joining ROTC.  Since there are some rather vocal advocates who assert that he is rather self-sufficient, I say he should pick the OCS route.  If he graduates on his own without any kind of special treatment, then he deserves every attaboy in addition to the gold bars.

          Finally, why supporting quotes only from the unit’s commissioned brass and not from fellow cadets as well? 

  • Achilles

    I’m glad that there are people with such patriotic fervor that they feel the need to serve their country, but Nolan should not be allowed to serve in the military. He will be a walking bubble of annoyance in the military and he WILL be judged by it. Everywhere he goes the others serving their country will have to accommodate him and his disability. How the hell is a E-7 going to run a platoon with this guy as his PL? What happens when someone tries to tell this guy that he needs to go and fill out these forms when Nolan’s back is turned? Will Nolan have to have person signing to him constantly? The Army is a brutal place to begin with and especially so for special cases.

  • David the small-L libertarian

    While I admire Nolan’s desire to serve his country I respectfully request that he drop his quest to have the Army adjust its standards to accomodate him.  I fully expect the day will come soon when a blind man files a lawsuit because he isn’t hired as an airline pilot.